This packet of 11 learning modules on trade math is 1 of 6 such packets developed for apprenticeship training for millwrights. Introductory materials are a complete listing of all available modules and a supplementary reference list. Each module contains some or all of these components: goal, performance indicators, study guide (a check list of steps the student should complete), a vocabulary list, an introduction, information sheets, assignment sheet, job sheet, self-assessment,...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Apprenticeships, Arithmetic, Behavioral Objectives, Geometric Concepts,...

This learning module reviews basic mathematics operations involving fractions and decimals and explains the use of the percent wheel in solving percent problems. The module, which was developed for use in a course of six 2-hour sessions for hospital employees working in the environmental services and nutritional services departments, is intended to enhance basic math skills and develop reasoning and problem-solving skills. It consists of a series of session outlines and activities in which...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Behavioral Objectives, Computation, Estimation (Mathematics),...

The second of four quins intended to develop computational skills with non-negative rational numbers through applications to business and industry, this guidebook on minimum course content is designed for the student who has acquired basic computational skills with non-negative rational numbers. Overall course goals are specified, a course outline is provided, and performance objectives are listed. Included is a set of sample test items for skills and a list of resources. (JP)

Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavioral Objectives, Computation, Curriculum, Decimal Fractions, Fractions,...

This is part one of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include number line and coordinates, equations, scientific notation, applications of percent, and congruence and the Pythagorean property. Slight revisions are contained in a later edition. (MP)

Topics: ERIC Archive, Congruence, Curriculum, Geometry, Instruction, Mathematical Applications, Mathematics...

Employee and facilitator manuals are provided for two courses developed for a workplace literacy program: Mathematics on the Job I and II. Each 10-session course begins with a preassessment and ends with a postassessment. Components of each 2-hour session are objectives, informational materials, and problems or exercises. The facilitator copies include the answer keys. Topics covered in the first course include the following: read and write whole numbers; add and subtract whole numbers; solve...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Arithmetic, Behavioral Objectives, Curriculum...

Presented are student performance objectives, a student progress chart, and assignment sheets with objective and diagnostic measures for the stated performance objectives in college arithmetic and pre-algebra. Topics covered include: sets, whole numbers, integers, decimal fractions, fractions, ratio and proportion, percent, powers and roots, the Pythagorean theorem, measurement, and open sentences. (MK)

Topics: ERIC Archive, Arithmetic, College Mathematics, Criterion Referenced Tests, Decimal Fractions,...

This curriculum package on math for textile technicians has been developed by the Workforce 2000 Partnership, a network of industries and educational institutions provides training in communication, computation, and creative thinking to employees and supervisors in textile, apparel, and carpet industries at 15 plants in Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina. The curriculum guide provides a quick view of all major curriculum components: job title for which the curriculum was developed; general...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Arithmetic, Behavioral Objectives, Curriculum Guides, Fractions,...

This manual contains a workshop curriculum that offers background information and activities rooted in the whole language approach. It is designed to address needs of employees with skill levels below fifth grade. Section I is an introduction to the changing workplace environment. Sections II-V cover problem solving, communication (speaking skills, listening skills, reading comprehension, writing), discussion and debate, and math (place value, decimals, percentages, metrics). Each section may...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Basic Skills, Behavioral Objectives,...

This workbook is designed as an easy-to-read, slower-paced mathematics text for students who have learning, reading, and language problems. Helping students fulfill mathematics requirements for graduation is a goal; the book can be used as the core or supplement to the mathematics curriculum in mainstreamed or special education classrooms, in mathematics laboratories, or as part of sheltered workshop and vocational training programs. Basic concepts and skills about decimals and percents,...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Decimal Fractions, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary Secondary Education,...

This publication is a resource for those who teach basic mathematics to adults. It assumes very little knowledge or formal mathematics by teachers, tutors and students and provides background, strategies and rationale for people inexperienced in teaching adult numeracy as well as new ideas for the experienced teacher. The worksheets and activities have been especially designed for adults and the language used is suitable for students with low level literacy skills. The book is divided into six...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Addition, Adult Basic Education, Adult Education, Adult Literacy, Cooperative...

The purpose of this study was to design a unit on percent for adult remedial students based on the principles of Piaget's theory and to evaluate the effectiveness of the unit as a means of improving one characteristic of formal operations, the ability to use porportion. The subjects consisted of 89 undergraduate remedial mathematics students at a branch of the City University of New York. Results indicate that there seems to be a relationship between learning percent and improving the ability...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Development, College Mathematics, Developmental Stages, Higher Education,...

This programed mathematics textbook (Volume II) is for student use in vocational education courses. It was developed as part of a programed series covering 21 mathematical competencies which were identified by university researchers through task analysis of several occupational clusters. The development of a sequential content structure was also based on these mathematics competencies. After completion of this program the student should be able to: (1) convert to a percentage from a fraction of...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Arithmetic, Fractions, Percentage, Programed Instructional Materials, Textbooks,...

This study examined adult students' informal knowledge of percent and its relationship to their computational skills. Sixty adults studying in urban and suburban adult education programs were interviewed to ascertain: (1) their ideas of the meanings of benchmark percents, 100%, 50%, and 25%, as they appear in advertising and media contexts; (2) their ability to use these percents in everyday mental math tasks; and (3) their visual representations of these percents. Students also completed...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Adult Learning, Cognitive Structures, Computation, Interviews,...

This teacher's guide is intended for use in helping Kodak Corporation employees develop the basic mathematics skills required to perform the manufacturing and quality control tasks expected of them. The following topics are covered in the first five modules: the four basic functions (adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing), calculations involving decimals, percentages, positive and negative numbers, and fractions. The sixth module reviews the topics covered in the preceding modules and...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Arithmetic, Behavioral Objectives, Corporate Education,...

This is the teacher's guide to an easy-to-read, slower paced mathematics text designed for students who have learning, reading, and language problems. Basic concepts and skills about decimals and percents, including computation with decimals and using proportions to solve percent problems, are presented. All 10 units begin with a brief discussion of how decimals or percents are used in real life. Lessons teach only one major concept on each page, and include comprehension exercises. Sixty-five...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Answer Keys, Decimal Fractions, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary Secondary...

A study examined 60 adult students' informal knowledge of percent and its relationship to their formal computational skills. The students studying in adult education programs were interviewed to ascertain the following: (1) their ideas of the meanings of three benchmark percentages--100, 50, and 25 percent--as they appear in advertising and media contexts; (2) their ability to use these numbers in everyday mental math tasks; and (3) their visual representations of these quantities. Students...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Computation, Educational Research, Mathematical Concepts,...

One of a series of pre-apprenticeship phase 1 training modules dealing with math skills, this self-paced student module covers the concept of percent. Included in the module are the following: cover sheet listing module title, goals, and performance indicators; introduction; study guide/check list with directions for module completion; information sheet; self-assessment; self-assessment answers; and post assessment. Emphasis of the module is on providing skills necessary for such operations as...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Arithmetic, Behavioral Objectives, Check Lists, Decimal Fractions, Fractions,...

Adults who lived in 30 of the nation's large standard metropolitan statistical areas (SMSA's) in 1970 had completed a relatively high educational attainment; about 61 percent had completed at least a high school education, including 26 percent who had completed one or more years of college. The data in this report on the educational attainment of the population 25 years old and over are based on the annual average of the 1970 monthly statistics on years of school completed collected in the...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Adult Learning, Blacks, Census Figures, Metropolitan Areas,...

This companion document to the instructor's guide for a course designed to prepare employees for statistical process control (SPC) training given at their workplace by refreshing math skills and building the concepts and vocabulary necessary to understand SPC in manufacturing environments. SPC-Prep 1 addresses the math skills necessary to perform SPC calculations. The manual provides materials on these topics: math memories; keeping track of learning; math operations; place value; rounding off...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Arithmetic, Basic Skills, Decimal Fractions, Instructional...

This packet of 14 learning modules on trade math is one of 20 such packets developed for apprenticeship training for stationary engineers. Introductory materials are a complete listing of all available modules and a supplementary reference list. Each module contains some or all of these components: goal, performance indicators, study guide (a checklist of steps the student should complete), an introduction, information sheets, a vocabulary list, assignment sheet, job sheet, self-assessment,...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Apprenticeships, Arithmetic, Behavioral Objectives, Geometric Concepts,...

A method of interpolation has been derived that should be superior to linear interpolation in computing the percentile ranks of test scores for unimodal score distributions. The superiority of the logistic interpolation over the linear interpolation is most noticeable for distributions consisting of only a small number of score intervals (say fewer than 10), particularly distributions that are relatively unskewed. Logistic interpolation thus should be useful in practical situations in which...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Analysis, Intervals, Mathematical Models, Percentage, Scores, Scoring...

This document, which was developed to meet the needs of trainers and workers in Australia's automotive industry for learning activities designed to boost auto workers' numeracy skills, contains a total of 33 learning activities organized into 8 sections. The topics covered in the individual sections are as follows: calculators (key words and calculators, further practice); decimals (dials, gauges, and scales; decimal points; using sensible numbers; the first decimal place); percentages in daily...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Arithmetic, Calculators, Classroom Techniques,...

This publication contains the three numeracy units of the three levels of Support Materials for Agricultural Training (SMAT) in farm management and leadership: Level 1 (starting), 2 (continuing), and 3 (completing). The units are designed to help the learner improve his or her numeracy skills needed to deal with farm management. SMAT materials can be used by the individual, with a mentor, or in a group or class. An introduction describes how to use the materials, types of activities, and...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Agribusiness, Agricultural Education, Agronomy, Calculators,...

Texas, California, and Florida are implementing versions of a percent plan in college admissions. This report assesses these plans using data from published information on the plans; state- and institution-calculated higher education application, admission, and enrollment data; media accounts of social and political contexts surrounding the plans; and interviews with key administrators at several flagship institutions. The report describes the public university systems, outlines the history of...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Education, Affirmative Action, College Admission, Competitive Selection,...

The fourth of four quins intended to develop computational skills with non-negative rational numbers through applications to business and industry, this guidebook on minimum course content is designed for the student who has acquired basic computational skills with non-negative rational numbers. Topics include ratio, proportion, and percentage applications and trigonometry. Overall course goals are specified, a course outline is provided, and performance objectives are listed. Also included is...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavioral Objectives, Computation, Curriculum, Decimal Fractions, Fractions,...

The Calculators and Mathematics Project, Los Angeles (CAMP-LA), funded by the National Science Foundation for developing use of technology in the classroom, developed curriculum materials focused solely on the use of calculators. The project was developed in three stages. The first stage studied the mathematics curriculums from different states and identified topics that are not included but should be if every student had a calculator, topics treated in too much detail, and topics no longer...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Algebra, Arithmetic, Calculators, Classroom Techniques, Curriculum Development,...

This technical project report provides the National Science Foundation with information regarding the substantive achievements of the Social Science Education Consortium's project QUESST (Quantitative Understanding To Enhance Social Science Teaching). The report begins with a discussion of materials development and project publicity. Thirty-three quantitatively oriented social science learning modules were developed for use in grades 7-12. Through a wide variety of teaching methods, the...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Classification, Correlation, Graphs, Interdisciplinary Approach, Mathematics,...

This paper reports a study of student knowledge of percent at the elementary, middle, and secondary levels. The study concentrated on three areas: (1) an analysis of the percent concept, its symbols, and procedures; (2) the child's naturally constructed base of informal knowledge of the percent concept; and (3) what formal knowledge develops in terms of concepts and procedures as a result of traditional instruction. A written test containing a variety of questions to indicate informal and...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary School Students, Grade 5, Informal Education, Intermediate Grades,...

This curriculum guide, designed for use with secondary migrant students, presents mathematics activities in the areas of whole numbers, fractions, decimals, percent, measurement, geometry, probability and statistics, and sets. Within the categories of whole numbers, fractions, and decimals are activities using addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, applications, equivalent fractions, LCM and GCF, and conversions. Skills in the percent category involve conversions, calculations, and...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Guides, Decimal Fractions, Educational Games, Fractions, Geometry,...

This teacher guide is part of the materials prepared for an individualized program for ninth-grade algebra and basic mathematics students. Materials written for the program are to be used with audiovisual lessons recorded on tape cassettes. For an evaluation of the program, see ED 086 545. In this guide, the teacher is provided with objectives for each topic area and guided to materials written for a given topic. Three short criterion tests are included for each topic covered. Work in this...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Decimal Fractions, Fractions, Grade 9, Individualized Instruction, Instructional...

Two tables are presented showing the Idaho percentile norms on Form L of the Differential Aptitude Tests administered to students in Grade 9. (CK)

Topics: ERIC Archive, Aptitude Tests, Females, Grade 9, Males, Percentage, State Surveys, Tables (Data),...

This instructor's guide contains materials for a 20-30 hour course designed to address essential math skills in the workplace. The course description lists target audience, general objective, and typical results observed. The next section gives instructors basic information related to providing successful educational programs in a workplace setting, an instructor's lexicon of strategies and principles that can be used in teaching, instructor's role and responsibilities, and course objectives....

Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Arithmetic, Basic Skills, Decimal Fractions, Instructional...

Two high school general mathematics classrooms were differentially taught a unit on percents, one with a cooperative and the other with an individualistic goal structure. A pre-post-test design with a three-way ANOVA analysis of treatment by time within subjects was used. Neither group was found to be significantly different from the other on the pre-test. Although both groups obtained significant gains on their post-test scores as contrasted with their pre-test scores, the cooperatively goal...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Research, Goal Orientation, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), High...

This curriculum package on production percentage math is a product of the Workforce 2000 Partnership, which combined the resources of four educational partners and four industrial partners in Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina to provide education and training in communication, computation, and critical thinking to employees in the apparel, carpet, and textile industries. After a brief overview of the Workforce 2000 Partnership, the curriculum package's contents are described. Presented next...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Adult Literacy, Arithmetic, Behavioral Objectives, Carpeting,...

This instructor's guide contains materials for a 40-hour course designed to refresh math skills for current computer numerical control machine operators. The course uses two instructional methods: computer-based multimedia and traditional instruction. The course description lists target audience and general objective. The next section gives instructors basic information related to providing successful educational programs in a workplace setting, an instructor's lexicon of strategies and...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Arithmetic, Basic Skills, Computer Assisted Instruction,...

This teacher's guide and student guide are designed to accompany a general mathematics textbook that contains supplemental readings, activities, and methods adapted for secondary students who have disabilities and other students with diverse learning needs. The materials are designed to help these students succeed in regular education content courses and include simplified text and smaller units of study. The curriculum correlates to Florida's Sunshine State Standards and is divided into the...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Accommodations (Disabilities), Academic Standards, Curriculum, Decimal...

This is part one of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include number line and coordinates, equations, scientific notation, applications of percent, and congruence and the Pythagorean property. (RH)

Topics: ERIC Archive, Bilingual Education, Geometry, Instructional Materials, Mathematics Curriculum,...

Students make errors in mathematics for a variety of reasons. It is the job of the educator to identify the source of these errors and to assist students in correcting them. The purpose of this monograph is to help identify, analyze, and evaluate students' computational proficiency. This monograph is divided into four sections: "Whole Numbers"; "Fractions"; "Decimals"; and "Percents." Each section is arranged according to specific computational skills....

Topics: ERIC Archive, Arithmetic, Computation, Decimal Fractions, Elementary School Mathematics, Error...

Does conceptually oriented instruction jeopardize students' computational competence? If it does, then why are so many reform efforts continuing to emphasize the importance of teaching for conceptual understanding? If it does not, then why are the majority of teachers at all grade levels continuing to teach for computational competence without conceptual understanding? This paper presents the results of a computational test taken by two groups of students in ninth-grade general mathematics...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Measurement, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style,...

Developed by a statewide committee in response to the legislature's mandate to develop statewide curriculum standards for required subjects, this guide presents the content that should be taught in Mathematics II. It was piloted by teachers in representative school systems and subsequently revised. Seven goals for the course are listed, followed by a pacing chart suggesting the time to devote to each major topic in each of the two semesters of the course. The major topics are number concepts,...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Algebra, Answer Keys, Behavioral Objectives, Competency Based Education, Computation,...

This math curriculum guide, correlated with the numerical coding of the Math Skills List published by the Migrant Student Record Transfer System, covers 10 learning areas: readiness, number meaning, whole numbers, fractions, decimals, percent, measurement, geometry, probability and statistics, and sets. Each exercise is illustrated by a large drawing and contains a skill code, an objective, directions, and follow-up activities. For example, in the percent section, the definition exercise is...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Arithmetic, Behavioral Objectives, Decimal Fractions, Educational Games, Elementary...

The third of four quins intended to develop computational skills with non-negative rational numbers through applications to business and industry, this guidebook on minimum course content is designed for the student who has acquired basic computational skills with non-negative rational numbers. Topics include measurement and geometrical constructions. Overall course goals are specified, a course outline is provided, and performance objectives are listed. Also included is a set of sample test...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavioral Objectives, Computation, Curriculum, Decimal Fractions, Fractions,...

This guide contains a collection of alternative techniques for teaching arithmetic that have proved useful in teaching both children and adults with various learning problems. Discussed first are several underlying principles of instructing individuals with learning disabilities, problems, and differences and special accommodations for learning-disabled students, including the use of graph paper and calculators. The remainder of the guide consists of sections of alternative instructional...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Arithmetic, Classroom Techniques, Elementary Secondary...

This programed mathematics textbook is for student use in vocational education courses. It was developed as part of a programed series covering 21 mathematical competencies which were identified by university researchers through task analysis of several occupational clusters. The development of a sequential content structure was also based on these mathematics competencies. After completion of this program the student should be able to: (1) convert to a percentage from a fraction of the form...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Arithmetic, Fractions, Percentage, Programed Instructional Materials, Textbooks,...

This packet of 14 learning modules on trade math is 1 of 8 such packets developed for apprenticeship training for low voltage alarm. Introductory materials are a complete listing of all available modules and a supplementary reference list. Each module contains some or all of these components: goal, performance indicators, study guide (a check list of steps the student should complete), a vocabulary list, an introduction, information sheets, assignment sheet, job sheet, self-assessment,...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Alarm Systems, Apprenticeships, Arithmetic, Behavioral Objectives, Geometric...

This middle school mathematics unit is organized around themes relating to sports activities in the Boston (Massachusetts) region and has a content focus on decimals and percents. The activities follow a story line which features a sports reporter (the student) and his/her assignments and adventures. Each activity begins with a headline, defines a task, and includes a follow-up question. The unit is organized by categories dealing with: (1) Sullivan Stadium (and football); (2) Fenway Park (and...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Arithmetic, Athletics, Calculators, Decimal Fractions, Geometric Concepts, Geometry,...

This instructional unit focuses on writing ratios and proportions in problem situations, solutions by means of proportions, and determination of percentages. A number of experiments are suggested and worksheets and discussion questions are included. The activities are oriented toward situations in which the students would probably have had some previous experience. A teacher's guide is also available. Related documents are SE 015 334, SE 015 335, and SE 015 337 through SE 015 347. This work was...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum, Instruction, Instructional Materials, Low Ability Students, Mathematics...

This guide to accompany "Activities with Ratio and Proportion," contains all of the student materials in SE 015 336 plus supplemental teacher materials. It includes a listing of terminal objectives, necessary equipment and teaching aids, and resource materials. Answers are given to all problems and suggested approaches and activities are presented for each section. Related documents are SE 015 334 through SE 015 336 and SE 015 338 through SE 015 347. This work was prepared under an...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum, Instruction, Instructional Materials, Low Ability Students, Mathematics...

This document contains both an instructor's guide and a reference manual. It was developed as part of a cooperative venture between Industrial Technology Institute (ITI), Wayne County (Michigan) Community College, and Great Lakes Steel (GLS). The instructor's guide has four sections: math for success in electronics, student materials, electronics curricula linkage, and working with adult learners. The reference manual (the greater part of the document) contains 29 self-instructional units:...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Addition, Community Colleges, Division, Electricity, Electronics, Equations...

These instructional materials were produced as part of the project, Developing Computational Estimation Materials for the Middle Grades. The introduction to these eighth grade materials covers the following: why teach estimation; how the materials were developed; and how the lessons are organized. The 15 lessons that follow are designed to teach such estimation strategies as front-end estimation, compatible numbers, clustering, and rounding in lessons with whole numbers, fractions, mixed...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Computation, Decimal Fractions, Estimation (Mathematics), Fractions, Grade 8,...